International Day against Nuclear Tests in United States ― Date, History, and Details
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History of International Day against Nuclear Tests in United States and How to Celebrate/ Observe It
The International Day against Nuclear Tests is a United Nations-sponsored annual event that seeks to raise awareness of the need for all nations to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The CTBT, which has been in force since 1996, bans all nuclear explosions, by everyone, everywhere.
Despite the CTBT, eight nuclear weapons states continue to conduct nuclear tests. In the past two years, India and Pakistan both conducted nuclear tests. These tests underscore the urgent need for all nations to work together to end nuclear testing forever.
On the International Day against Nuclear Tests, we call on all nations to join the CTBT and to refrain from any nuclear tests. We also call on all nations to support the work of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), which is responsible for setting up the international monitoring system to verify compliance with the CTBT.
The CTBTO’s global network of 321 monitoring facilities is nearly complete. When fully operational, this system will provide data that can distinguish between nuclear explosions and other sources of seismic activity, such as earthquakes.
The United States played a leading role in negotiating the CTBT and was the first nation to sign it. The Senate voted in 1999 not to ratify the treaty, but the United States remains committed to the CTBT’s goals of halting nuclear testing and moving toward a world free of nuclear weapons.
In September 2009, President Barack Obama called on the Senate to ratify the CTBT. The United States is working with its CTBT partners to bring the treaty into force and to ensure that its provisions are fully implemented.