Flooding of the Nile in Egypt ― Date, History, and Details
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History of Flooding of the Nile in Egypt and How to Celebrate/ Observe It
The Nile is the world’s longest river and it runs through Egypt. For the ancient Egyptians, the Nile was everything; it was the source of their water, their food, and their transportation. The river was so important to them that they even built their capital city, Cairo, on its banks.
Every year, the Nile would flood its banks and deposit a layer of rich, fertile soil on the land. This made it possible for the Egyptians to grow crops like wheat and barley, which they then used to make bread and beer. The floodwaters also provided them with a way to travel from one place to another.
The Egyptians were able to predict when the floods would occur because they knew that the river’s level would rise when the rains fell in Ethiopia. They would then prepare for the floods by building levees and dikes to protect their homes and crops.
The floods usually occurred between June and September and lasted for about two months. During this time, the Nile would overflow its banks and cover the land with water. The Egyptians would then use boats to travel around and fish for food.
After the floods receded, the Egyptians would plant their crops and wait for them to grow. Once the crops were ready, they would harvest them and use them to feed themselves and their families.