Kwanzaa (first day) in United States ― Date, History, and Details
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History of Kwanzaa (first day) in United States and How to Celebrate/ Observe It
Kwanzaa is a seven-day African American and Pan-African holiday that celebrates family, community, and culture. The holiday was created in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga, and the name Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili phrase matunda ya kwanza, which means “first fruits of the harvest.”
Kwanzaa is celebrated from December 26 to January 1, and each day of the holiday has its own special meaning. On the first day of Kwanzaa, families gather together and light the kinara, a seven-branched candle holder. The candles represent the seven principles of Kwanzaa: unity, self-determination, collective work and responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity, and faith.
Families also exchange gifts on the first day of Kwanzaa. These gifts are usually handmade or homemade, and they represent the value of community and family. Kwanzaa celebrations often include feasts, music, and dance.