International Worker’s Day in India ― Date, History, and Details
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History of International Worker’s Day in India and How to Celebrate/ Observe It
International Worker’s Day, also known as Labour Day or May Day, is a holiday celebrated around the world to honor the working class. In India, it has been a public holiday since 1950, when it was declared by the Indian government. The day is celebrated on the 1st of May every year and is marked with rallies, parades, and speeches throughout the country.
The history of International Worker’s Day in India dates back to the late 19th century, when labor activists began organizing against oppressive conditions in British-run factories. In 1919, the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) held a historic gathering in Bombay where they declared May 1st as the official date for Labour Day. The declaration was made in response to the Rowlatt Act, which gave the British colonial authorities broad powers to suppress political dissent. This act was strongly opposed by the Indian workers and their organizations, who saw it as an infringement upon their rights.
To celebrate International Worker’s Day, many unions and organizations across India organize events such as rallies, marches, and seminars to commemorate the struggles of the working class. People gather to listen to speeches by labor leaders and to share their own experiences. People also take part in activities such as singing, dancing, and distributing pamphlets to raise awareness about workers’ rights and issues. On this day, people from all walks of life come together to recognize and appreciate the hard work of laborers and to call for better labor conditions.